Business Requirements Document


As we all know, we can’t take success for granted.  It is never guaranteed and is not always available to everyone.  To sustain a great level of success, it would be wise to maintain a business requirements document.


What exactly is a Business Requirements Document?


A business requirements document gives a message or overview on what an upcoming event or project will feature.  It will also have how it will impact the project one will be working on.  A well built business requirements document will contain a sample of what the project will look like and its features, who will be involved in the project and the different roles they will have, why the project is necessary in order to fulfill the desires and goals of the project, and why this will help the business become an asset.  Remember, it is important to understand that business requirements documents show the project’s intentions.


The Importance and Values of Business Requirements Documents


It is obviously possible for a project to go and succeed without a plan and not using this method, but it will always help in the long run.  Now, let’s dive into the exact message of Business Requirements Documents.


The True Intentions and Goals


A Business Requirements Document is designed to set up our true intentions for our upcoming project and also relate it back.  Do not overthink this.  It is important that we make sure to document our information and to achieve the best possible situations.  Business Requirements Documents also help with stakeholding and to reduce the number of errors and to avoid risks.  The goal is to achieve business growth and to keep it this way.  Our projects are supposed to last for a long time and to dominate others similar.  If a project contains these methods, it is, again, more likely to succeed.


What Should a Business Requirements Document Contain?


Before diving into this section, it is important to know that all BRDs vary in some way.  These are some of the most important features a BRD usually contains.


  1. Executive Summary  


The executive summary talks shortly about the project’s business goals and what is mandatory.  The executive summary dives into the main problem the project wants to figure out, what the project will allow our business to do, and the result of the project.


  1. Project Objectives


Project objectives build off of the executive summary by providing more information.  Quantitative information is important in this section and stakeholders as well.  You are to organize your business goals by the SMART format.


  1. Project Scope


This is where you will discuss the limitations in your project and to stay on point.  In your project scope, it is important to include the project deliverables, project milestones, and the acceptance criteria.  The project scope is also to include things that you do not plan on achieving in your project.  The project scope can obtain assumptions as well.  This part of the project scope discusses how the project will progress.  The assumptions section in the project scope is to make sure that information does not get misinterpreted or spiral out of control.  We are to stay on point.  The project scope, as mentioned above, can contain limitations.  It can also have constraints.  This is information about what could prevent you and your team from achieving the aspirations in your project.  These are referred to as blockers.  Examples of blockers can include budgetary limitations, time constraints, technological capabilities, employee abilities, and company policies.  When we are able to identify these blockers, we are able to come up with more plans for our project.  Avoiding blockers will keep you from going off with your project.


Business Requirements


The business requirements in your project are very straightforward in regards to what you want to do in order to finish your work.  In the business requirements, it is important to recognize the SMART approach mentioned earlier.


Personnel Requirements


This section will talk about the quantity and quality that we need to do this project.  Important information to include here are employee positions and roles, qualifications and responsibilities for each role, the amount of time that is required per role, and cost of the employee during the entirety of the project.  This ties in with the financial part of the project.


Project Schedule and Timeline


This is where you will organize your due dates for the project, so you do not fall behind in your work.  The timelines are broken down into phases.


Financial Statement/Cost-Benefit Analysis


A cost-benefit analysis is necessary to verify the project from a financial standpoint.  This section will contain the breakdown of the financial costs that are associated within the project along with the financial benefits.  Projected costs for the impacts it will have on your company are also important.  Intangible costs and benefits are mentioned here.


How to Write a Proper Business Requirements Document


Here we will talk about ways on the creation method to make the BRDs as good as possible.  We have already conquered the requirements and objectives.


Planning Your BRD


There is a lot of planning that goes into creating the Business Requirements Document.  There are many things that are key that will be discussed.  


Reverse-Engineer Successful Past Projects


Even if you never created a business requirements document before, you do not need to be completely unprepared.  You can look at past projects to look at what you have previously done in order to formulate a plan.  You could even use these projects as a practice BRD.  This will help guide you and give yourself experience, so you will be all set.  This will help gather everyone in the group as well to understand what the process will be.


Collecting and Documenting Requirements


This can be considered the most important part of the Business Requirements Document.  This will help our projects grow and develop.  There are ways for identifying business requirements from stakeholders that include data analysis, surveys, and workshopping.  The methods will vary depending on the project we choose and the people we will be working with.  It is also important that we are attentive to possible obstacles in our project.  The first is a lack of focus.  This can alter discussions and lack of information.  We also have to be aware of the process of decontextualization.  This is related to our documentation of responses combined with limited information.  It is important that we avoid this as it can affect internal pivots as well.  Internal pivots and external changes can also affect our data.  It is also key to remember that not all methods can work or are considered necessary.


Focus on the Appropriate BRD Format


Business requirements documents typically follow a format similar to others, but it is most likely not exactly the same.  We have to know how to organize properly for certain purposes.  There are many templates for business requirements documents, so we do not have to ever worry about running out of ideas.  The goal, however, is to contain multiple formats in our project.  Many templates will also provide key guidance to help us as well.  Despite this, we have to make sure we have all the sections we need when picking a format.


Writing the BRD


To start, it is important that we are straight to the point.  We have to be short and sweet.  Some tips include shortening our sentences, tightening our grammar, and limiting certain usages of punctuation and certain text.  It is also important to avoid jargon and to be visual.  Forms of multimedia are important.  Examples may include charts, diagrams, and other aids that are used appropriately.  Showing relationships between stakeholders and processes are also important.  This will help others to avoid misunderstandings and will work out in the long run.  This makes BRDs more complete and easier to read.


Review and come to an end


We have to review our document and our work with the stakeholders.  It is important to focus on data, calculations and statistics.  It is also important to pay attention to assumptions, facts, and other risks.  You should also be looking for possible missing work.  We want to look into communication as well.  Lack of communication can result in a number of negative outcomes.  Missing deadlines, personal issues, and inaccurate information must be avoided.  It is very important to figure out how well the project communicated information to us.  Data collection, as mentioned above, is a part of the communication process in our work.  In conclusion, we just have to review our project and make sure that everything is in place.  BRDs are a huge part of this.  Project planning and team communication also goes a long way.  Project planning can be divided into sections.  The first part can be known as initiation.  The second part is about planning.  The third part is execution.  The fourth part is monitoring.  Part five is to wrap up our closing thoughts and personal statements.  We can also discuss how our project has evolved and how our communication skills grew.